This work is mine!

This work is mine!

The judicial battle between Catalonia and Aragon for the site of the sacred works of Sijena, since December again in Huesca, is one of the most mediatic cases that have recently taken place regarding the legitimate ownership of cultural property in Spain. There are, however, other open disputes that continue to generate controversy for decades .

Last November, for example, an investigation of more than twenty years was published about the doubtful obtaining by Francisco Franco del Pazo de Meirás and of other properties and heritage in Galicia. Meanwhile, in Barcelona, ​​the City Council has spent more than 25 years in litigation for the artistic legacy of businessman Julio Muñoz Ramonet, a valuable collection that left the city as an inheritance and that his descendants refuse to deliver in full.

Disputes between communities, expolios of the dictatorship and a long and hereditary process folletinesco . Three examples in Spanish territory of works of art and assets of disputed property. Obviously, they are not the only ones, nor the oldest ones. History is full of monuments, paintings and other cultural objects that have changed hands over thousands of years and are still being claimed today.

After the Second World War, several international conventions demanded the restitution of thousands of works looted during the war and the Nazi regime. But there are still many unresolved cases of that time, not to mention the pieces of classical or indigenous art that today fill the great museums around the world. Over the last few decades, some of them have returned to their place of origin, while others may never do so, either because of their fragility or because of the national demand in their current locations.

War booties, illegal excavations, robberies, coerced sales … Each case is a world, and in it we must take into account the intentions of a great variety of actors, both stales and individuals. We make below a list of 14 of the best known works of property disputed in the world.


Mármoles de Elgin

Surely the most disputed work of all: the friezes of the Parthenon of Phidias. Part of them form one of the most prized collections, and also controversial, of the British Museum . Thomas Bruce, seventh Earl of Elgin, moved them to London at the beginning of the 19th century with the supposed intention of safeguarding them. There are many voices, however, that claim that the count sacked the Parthenon and took the pieces illegally. One of the first, Lord Byron, called the English “profane” and robbed the gods. The Hellenic government has been claiming its return since it became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

“Beauty has come,” says her name. And in Germany it seems to stay. The polychrome bust of Akhenaton’s royal wife is the protagonist of the Neues Museum in Berlin. It was discovered by Ludwig Borchardt in 1912, who claimed to have reached an agreement with the Egyptian government to share the rights to his discoveries. From Egypt, however, it is claimed that the archaeologist lied about the value of the sculpture to bring it to Europe . There have already been several attempts to restore it, such as the former Egyptian Antiquities Minister Zahi Hawass, who also unsuccessfully claimed other pieces of value such as the Rosetta stone. Photo: Wikimedia Commons / Philip Pikart / CC BY-SA 3.0.

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Fomento claims thousands of young people the return of old rental aids

The Basic Emancipation Income (RBE) continues to be something to talk about. Five years after it was repealed, it continues tormenting those young people who at some point modified their economic income upwards during their perception. On this occasion, the Ministry of Public Works has sent a certified letter to thousands of former beneficiaries, informing them of a requirement to return the amounts received outside the parameters established by the State.

Last year were the autonomous communities who addressed the same senders informing them that, at some point in the perception of the Basic Income of Emancipation, their annual gross income changed, which should have meant the interruption of the economic aid that Fomento offered to face the rent. After the letter, the injured mobilized and took the case to law firms, such as the Col·lectiu Ronda in Barcelona, ​​who processed allegations in this regard that allowed the Catalan Agency of the Habitatge to recognize that, in many cases, the right to claim was null by the public institutions having prescribed the right of the Administration to demand the amount, since more than four years passed since the last subsidy was received and the overture of the claim file was made known.

L’Agència Catalana de l’Habitatge, in Catalonia, considered the appeal filed by several affected and declared null the resolutions


In this sense, the director of l’Agència Catalana de l’Habitatge, in Catalonia, considered the appeal filed by several affected and declared void the resolutions that, only a year ago, had notified the interested parties. As stated in the letters he sent, the allegation would be accepted because it did not comply with the law, as the statute of limitations for the reinstatement action was assessed.

For Mariona Torra, lawyer specialized in Administrative Law of the Col·lectiu Ronda de Barcelona, ​​”would recommend to all those who receive the notification from the Ministry of Public Works to present allegations within 15 working days of receiving the letter, arguing that the Administration can not recognize or settle any refund having exceeded the term of four years since the last monthly grant of aid. In fact, this assumption is included in article 39 of Law 38/2003, of November 17, General of Grants that would regulate the Basic Income of Emancipation.

I would recommend to all those who receive the notification from the Ministry of Public Works to present allegations within 15 working days of receiving the letter

Mariona Torra Lawyer specializing in Administrative Law

For the lawyer, “the Administration can not act against its own acts”, so it must recognize all the allegations in the same way, without making distinctions, if all of them conform to the alleged parameters of the prescription. “It is a general principle of law that should be fulfilled,” adds the administrator.

The Basic Income of Emancipation has always been under the focus of controversy. Over the last two years, thousands of young people throughout Spain have received notifications warning them of the possibility of reimbursing part of the aid they received, because at some point they received more gross annual revenues than expected.

It was not until the crossing of data, which the Ministry of Development made with the Tax Agency, that the “incidence” was not detected

It was not until the crossing of data, which the Ministry of Development made with the Tax Agency, that the "incidence" was not detected

A former beneficiary of the RBE, Marta García, explained last year to this same newspaper that the company she worked for decided to renew her contract with a minimum salary increase, “which damaged my interests”, she said indignantly at La Vanguardia. In this way, their fiscal conditions increased and the aid had to be canceled, but, as in most cases, the subsidy continued to be entered into the current account of the beneficiaries. It was not until the crossing of data, which the Ministry of Public Works made with the Tax Agency, that the “incidence” was not detected.

La Vanguardia has contacted the communication office of l’Agència Catalana de l’Habitatge without obtaining, on this occasion, a response on the ministerial decision. Last March, the Catalan agency assessed aid as “disaster” and was “poorly managed from the beginning, since the calculations were made based on current revenues and not through the accounts of the previous year, which are always more accurate and reliable, “they explained. However, the Catalan agency, aware of the damage that could result from the application of these claims, requested in July 2013 the Government of the State, through a resolution of the Parliament (301 / X), to reconsider the decision of the Ministry of Promotion so as not to force those affected to return the money received “in cases that, during the same year, the economic situation of the beneficiary had improved due to having found a new job or having other help”. As they said then,

there was no response from the Government to the letter from the Catalan chamber.

The Basic Emancipation Income went into effect on January 1, 2008, motivated by the Ministry of Housing of the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, in order to satisfy the need of thousands of young people to become emancipated and thus contribute to overcome the difficulties economic to access a rental housing. The subsidy consisted of a monthly contribution of 210 euros for applicants who were between 22 and 30 years old, with a lease contract in their name and reported annual gross income of less than 22,000 euros, among other requirements. The aid was paid from the month following the request to a maximum of four years or until the beneficiary reached the age of 30.

At the beginning of 2012 the economic aid was repealed although it maintained access to it to those who had a recognized right or who had applied for it before December 31, 2011.

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Economy.- Brussels advises Portugal to take advantage of favorable economic conditions to correct imbalances


The current favorable macroeconomic and financial conditions give Portugal the opportunity to address its “persistent” imbalances, such as the high debt of the public and private sector and the rigidities of its economy, which influence potential growth in the medium term and leave the country vulnerable to a crisis.

The current favorable macroeconomic and financial conditions give Portugal the opportunity to address its “persistent” imbalances, such as the high debt of the public and private sector and the rigidities of its economy, which influence potential growth in the medium term and leave the country vulnerable to a crisis.

This is stated jointly by the European Commission (EC) and the European Central Bank (ECB) after the seventh post-surveillance visit to the financial rescue program, which also involved the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and the Fund. International Monetary Fund (IMF).

As the institutions conclude, greater fiscal consolidation will be “important” to ensure a steady decline in the public debt figure, which is still at very high levels. “The current favorable cyclical conditions, together with the reduction of interest payments, should be used to boost the structural fiscal adjustment in order to guarantee a sustainable budgetary position in the medium term,” they explain in a press release.

They also warn that the currently planned structural adjustment runs the risk of deviating significantly from the requirements of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This idea, as they assert, reinforces the argument to contain the growth of spending and take advantage of the benefits of lower interest spending to accelerate the reduction of public debt.

In this regard, Brussels ‘welcome’ the progress in expanding the spending review, even advise the consideration of more ambitious savings targets. Similarly, regarding the specific recommendations by country on the control of expenditures for state enterprises, the health sector and the pension system maintain that “they are still valid”.

As for the private sector, the EC and the ECB see it as crucial to address the obstacles to investment and further improve the business environment to strengthen potential growth. “The efforts of the authorities to improve the relatively low level of skills of the Portuguese workforce and to support innovation are well received,” says the document.

Likewise, they indicate that the gap between fixed and temporary contracts should be addressed, mainly by making the former more flexible instead of introducing restrictions in the latter.



The Portuguese financial system continues to recover, but the key vulnerabilities remain. “The short-term risks emanating from Portugal’s banking sector have fallen sharply compared to last year, as the main banks have managed to attract new capital,” he says.

However, entities continue to face significant challenges, including high delinquent loans, low profitability and weak capital reserves. In this sense, he asserts that the transition towards the new accounting and regulatory standards, mainly IFRS 9 and MREL, can exert even more pressure.

“Banks should improve profitability by, for example, further reducing their cost base: the platform for coordinating the management of unproductive loans, which banks are developing with the support of the authorities and the strengthened framework for restructuring of corporate debt are important initiatives in this regard “, underline the ECB and the EC.

Policy makers from the EC, the ECB, the ESM and the IMF were in Lisbon from November 28 to December 6 as part of the seventh post-rescue visit, which aims to assess the country’s ability to repay loans granted under the financial assistance program and, if necessary, recommend corrective measures.



For its part, the IMF, which has also published its main conclusions independently, maintains that there are risks that could affect Portugal’s growth prospects, such as an increase in risk in global markets, a prolonged uncertainty in Spain and a insufficient progress in the reforms.

In the medium term, the most relevant risks to which the country could have to face are an increase in volatility in the European bond markets as the monetary accommodation gradually decreases in the euro zone and structural growth weak among the main trading partners.


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Health highlights that the budget increase in early care "improves" response time and PP-A asks for "more money"


The Health Minister, Aquilino Alonso, stressed that the “budget increase in early care will allow the Decree to be developed and applied in its entirety and reduce the response time to ensure that children can receive care in the shortest possible time from the detection of their needs “, while the PP-A says that the Board” has to put more money and double that budget if you want these children to be part of the future of Andalusia. “

Image result for aquilino alonso


The Health Minister, Aquilino Alonso, stressed that the “budget increase in early care will allow the Decree to be developed and applied in its entirety and reduce the response time to ensure that children can receive care in the shortest possible time from the detection of their needs “, while the PP-A says that the Board” has to put more money and double that budget if you want these children to be part of the future of Andalusia. “

Thus, in the Health Commission in Parliament, Alonso recalled that the new model means extending the time – from 45 minutes to an hour – and the number of sessions offered to children between 0 and 6 years with disorders. of development, which are provided in Early Childhood Care centers (CAIT) as well as the intensity levels of these sessions.

With the new Decree 85/2016 of April 26, which regulates the model of Early Care in Andalusia, the budget will be multiplied by three. In this way, last year 2016, the items destined to this benefit were increased by four million euros. An increase that continues until 2019 to total 23 million euros over four years.

Thus, the Minister stressed that the Andalusian Administration has already committed 98 percent of the budget for 2016 that was 15.8 million euros. The budget for 2016 has been allocated, in addition to funding sessions in Early Childhood Care Centers and agreements with municipalities, for training in two specific courses, the remodeling of Early Care Units and recruitment of staff. In this line, has also indicated that in 2017 “the entire budget will be executed again” and the entities will continue to charge “with an adequate frequency, as is currently happening”.

The head of Health has indicated that in the Early Care Units the child is assessed within a period of less than 30 days and the start of care for children is guaranteed as soon as that need is detected. One of the main novelties of the new Decree is the creation of these units, with which the assistance to these minors is extended and reinforced. Specifically, 11 Early Care Units have been set up in the eight Andalusian provinces: one per province and two in Seville, Cádiz and Málaga. They are attached to the Andalusian Health Service, made up of teams of professionals from Pediatrics and Psychology and are responsible for assessing the needs of children based on a functional diagnosis that includes the study of families and the environment.

The counselor has insisted that the new model’s predictions are to ensure that this specific sector of the child population is assured of universal, free and quality early care, “for which it will continue to work and maintain a permanent dialogue” and has ensured that with the current Framework Agreement it is possible to implement a financing model committed to quality, transparency and equity, which aims to ensure universal coverage of Andalusian children with developmental disorders or risk of suffering it.

In this sense, Aquilino Alonso stressed that the implementation of this framework agreement allows unifying the financing modalities of the CAIT, have a unified rate per session, and improve the accessibility of all minors living in Andalusia thanks to the increase in number of centers, allowing for “greater coverage and an equitable distribution at the territorial level,” and the increase in the number of children served and the number of intervention sessions.

For its part, the popular Patricia del Pozo has lamented that in 2016 this group has been “unfortunately” protagonist in many parliamentary debates and covers of those measured by “the tremendous effort that has had to do and the campaign to be heard” , since he has ensured that after analyzing all the budgetary data “has understood why the opposition initiatives are permanently knocked down in this matter, simply because they suppose an expense superior to the preconceived one from the beginning”.

In this way, he explains that in 2015 “the budget was 9.6 million after an amendment was struck to increase this amount by 10 million,” but “7.4 million euros were executed at the end of the year,” that in 2016, he adds, “the budget was 10 million and they increased four million and a half in the middle of the year, but it does not matter whether they made the increase or not because their forecast was to spend seven or eight million euros annually, since 30 In November, 7.4 million were executed. “

In addition, adds that “the amount 20.9 million for 2017 seems very little,” and says that “we must double that budget if we want these children to be part of the future of Andalusia”, although, he insists, “it does not matter, because although raise the game if you do not execute it serves little. ” In this sense, Del Pozo says that if there are 20,000 children affected, “making the proportion of budgets comes to five euros per day and child,” and although he acknowledges “goodwill” to the Board, criticizes that “nine months have passed and the decree is not 100% “, since it ensures that” it is not equally well received by all groups “.

“They have to put more money, increase the game, because now, with luck, the children have one session a week except the autistic ones and the number of sessions is being reduced, not increased, because the children go up, but the sessions do not increase , are redistributed, “he says, and stresses that” you have to increase the budget “so that these children” have all the sessions and specialties “, because” those children have no future as they do not invest in them in their first six years of life “

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What the hell is a “cup of coffee” and what can I find inside

 What the hell is a "cup of coffee" and what can I find inside   It is appreciated that from time to time and even if by mere chance, current research supports the contents of some topics already covered in the blog. 

Not too long ago I told you that knowing the amount of caffeine in “a coffee” was a matter of chance because of not knowing, as consumers, the variety of coffee served, the degree of toast to which it has been subjected, nor the way to make that coffee. In addition to other factors, these three elements (variety, toast and form of extraction) are also the most important at the time of being able to intuit in some way the amount of both caffeine in a given coffee, as the concentration in other substances characteristic of the coffee, the phenolic compounds , which are so often related to various effects on health.

So, as I tell you, just published an article entitled Variations in caffeine and chlorogenic acid contents of coffees: what are we drinking? (Variability in the amounts of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in coffee: what are we drinking?) Empirically highlights the variable concentrations of these two elements (caffeine and chlorogenic acid) in various coffees based on their origin, toasted and way of preparation in three European cities, specifically in Pamplona, ​​Parma (Italy) and Glasgow (Scotland).

As an interesting fact that I did not know, it is worth mentioning that irrespective of the origin of the coffee (whether they are arabic or robusta varieties, the second with a greater amount of caffeine than the first one) the amount of caffeine in coffee beans remains more or less stable regardless of the degree of toasting that has been practiced on them. However, unlike caffeine, the amount of phenolic compounds present initially decays as the degree of toasting on the grains increases . Thus, the study advances, the relationship between caffeine and the phenolic compounds analyzed is a good indicator of the toasting that has been practiced on coffee: the higher caffeine / phenolic compounds ratio, the more intense roasting and vice versa .

With these premises, the results found in this study conclude that of all the coffees analyzed in these three cities, a huge variation in the caffeine content has been found , which ranges from 48 to 317 mg per coffee; and from 6 to 188 mg in the case of the caffeylquinic acids (family that receives the known chlorogenic acid). Likewise, it has been contrasted that the volume per “cup of coffee” served is especially variable (from 13 to 104 mL in the case of the espresso analyzed!) And, therefore, the measure popularly referred to as “a cup of coffee” “It is not a reproducible measure … or if it is, it depends a lot on where it is mentioned. All aspects of an important impact when recommending and linking the effect of this drink on the health of consumers.

More specifically, and in relation to the results obtained in Spanish coffees (actually in relation to coffee served in Pamplona) the amount of caffeine per cup of coffee was the most uniform with variations of between 97 to 127 mg per cup, compared to Parma (73 to 135 mg) and Glasgow (101 to 275 mg). At the same time, it was revealed that in Spain (actually at least in Pamplona) coffee varieties with a softer toasting are preferred since the concentration of caffeic acidic acids was the highest, and therefore obtaining a caffeine / acid ratio lower caffeine.

In summary

Image result for coffee beans

If you are interested in a greater amount of caffeine opt for coffees made with the robust variety . If instead you prefer coffees with less caffeine, choose arabica (all this leaving aside the differences in aroma, flavor, etc. inherent to these varieties and their different origins)

If on the other hand you are interested in making a good collection of phenolic compounds from coffee, you should opt for coffee less a less roasting process . In this section it is significant to mention that in addition to the observation of the coffees mentioned in the coffee shops of 3 European cities (Pamplona, ​​Parma and Glasgow) the study also observed the amount of caffeine and instant coffee phenolic compounds (6 of the Nestlé brand, one from Fortaleza and another from Marcilla) resulting in the product “Nestlé Green Blend” offering an exceptionally high concentration of phenolic compounds compared to the rest. In addition, in relation to coffees prepared with soluble (instant) coffee, the amount of caffeine was substantially lower than that found in coffee espresso coffees with values ​​ranging between 48 and 88 mg of caffeine per serving (= 2g of instant coffee). in 125 mL of boiling water)

In the end, the authors of the article make an appeal, totally logical, in order that consumers can be better informed. Taking into account that: 1º annually, 500 billion cups of coffee are consumed; 2º that in its consumption numerous connotations related to health are made to rest and; 3º that the variability of the elements present in a “cup of coffee” is exceptionally high based on its origin, processed, volume served and way of obtaining … it should be kept better informed to the consumers in relation to the coffee that at any moment they have front and its composition, at least based on its content in caffeine and phenolic compounds.

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Venezuelan government and NGOs disagree on the number of released "political prisoners"

Image result for venezuela governmentCaracas, Jun 7 (EFE) .- The Venezuelan Government and the NGO Foro Penal (FP) continued today with their disagreements over how many of the 80 released in recent days related to “political violence” are “political prisoners” as described by the opposition.

While the ruling party said that all of the released, many with restrictions, were detained for participating in some way in the violent demonstrations that shook Venezuela between 2014 and 2017 the FP reduced the number to 52 people.

“So far 80 people have been benefited from these measures,” said the president of the ruling National Constituent Assembly (ANC), Delcy Rodríguez, on those released in recent days.

Releases requested days ago to the plenipotentiary ANC by the re-elected President Nicolás Maduro in “the sake of peace and dialogue” within the plan of rapprochement with the opposition announced by the Chief Executive.

Rodriguez made these statements today after meeting with the Committee of Victims of the Guarimba (violent protest) that shook the country in 2017 and that resulted in more than 150 deaths, according to independent estimates, and explained that of the 80 released, 95% did not He had been convicted and remained in “procedural status”.

He did not specify how many have enjoyed full liberty since last week and which ones have their release subject to a regime of presentation every 30 days, prohibition of leaving the country or making public statements.

The former foreign minister reiterated that the measures approved by the Supreme Court of Justice seek to avoid new “episodes of violence for the destabilization against the institutional order (and) against the peace of the Republic.”

He also recalled that the members of the security forces arrested in the face of the presumption of violating the human rights of the protesters during the protests “are excluded from the measures”.

Nor will these procedural benefits be those judged for homicide “or serious aggressions against the physical integrity of a Venezuelan or a Venezuelan,” he added.

The figures provided by the ANC were once again contested by the PF, an organization that is responsible for the defense of many of them and to those who consider, together with the opposition, “political prisoners”.

“With 5 new releases last night, after the Casa Amarilla events of June 1 and 2 we verified that 52 # Prisoners Political have been released so far,” said the executive director of this organization, Alfredo Romero in his Twitter account, who assured that “302 # Political Prisoners” are maintained.

Romero specified, in another message, that the released were “5 executives of Credicard, who had a release card from April 6, 2018”, an information still to be confirmed by the authorities.

The Executive has accused the Credicard Consortium, which operates the payment system with debit and credit cards of 22 banking entities in the country, of alleged complicity “in crimes against the Homeland through the inoperativeness of the platform”.

In a press conference a little earlier, Romero demanded the Executive the list of releases to check and verify names, surnames, time detained, causes that are followed and complaints and assured that since the FP “we are fully prepared to meet with the national government to deliver this list. “

He reported that in recent weeks there have been new incarcerations, a situation that he described as a “revolving door effect”, while people were released and he recalled that among the military personnel “only in May” were 26 detainees.

Among those released last week are a former mayor, an exconcejal, student leaders, minors, women and deputies Gilber Caro and Renzo Prieto, who joined the debates on Tuesday in the Parliament, with an opposition majority.

Human rights organizations continue to demand Maduro to release all “political prisoners” through full liberties and not with restrictive measures as has occurred so far with most of the beneficiaries of these measures.

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Welcome to Thebeagleproject 90

Once known as Ilbyr, the city of Granada was initially established by native tribes in the prehistoric period.
The Romans, colonizing southern Spain, built their own city here and named it Illibris. When the Arabs invaded the peninsula in the 8th century, they gave the city its current name- Granada. In 1492, the Queen Isabel of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragon expulsed the Arabs and Granada was the last Muslim city to fall to the Christians.

The Alhambra Palace in Granada is the most famous monument in the city and one of the most visited tourist attractions in Spain. Built under the Nazari Dynasty in the 14th century and surrounded by gorgeous gardens, the Alhambra is a fine example of the Moorish architecture-

This impressive complex of buildings, including the magnificent summer palace Generalife, with its beautiful fountains and gardens, is set at the foot of the highest mountain range in Spain- the Sierra Nevada and faces the city and the lush plain of Granada.

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