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Once known as Ilbyr, the city of Granada was initially established by native tribes in the prehistoric period.
The Romans, colonizing southern Spain, built their own city here and named it Illibris. When the Arabs invaded the peninsula in the 8th century, they gave the city its current name- Granada. In 1492, the Queen Isabel of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragon expulsed the Arabs and Granada was the last Muslim city to fall to the Christians.
The Alhambra Palace in Granada is the most famous monument in the city and one of the most visited tourist attractions in Spain. Built under the Nazari Dynasty in the 14th century and surrounded by gorgeous gardens, the Alhambra is a fine example of the Moorish architecture.
This impressive complex of buildings, including the magnificent summer palace Generalife, with its beautiful fountains and gardens, is set at the foot of the highest mountain range in Spain- the Sierra Nevada and faces the city and the lush plain of Granada.